"Dumitru Mărtinaş" Roman-Catholic Association representing Roman-Catholics of Moldavia (so called "Changos", French - Tchangos, Hungarian - Csangok, German - Tschangos)
Romano-catolicii din Moldova (Romania) - Roman Catholics from Moldavia - Romania - people so called csangos - românii denumiți ceangăi, Tchangos
The traditional houses of the Roman Catholics from Moldavia are in the type of the traditional Romanian house, nowadays tending to the construction of houses with modern features. Contemporary constructions do not permanently remove the tradition, aiming to achieve a higher aesthetic value in accordance with the tastes of those who base them. For the Catholic peasant of the past, the house was not just a simple object, a shelter that would protect it from inclement weather or other inconveniences. He saw in the house also a spiritual space, that is, not only for the maintenance of daily life, but also for the promotion of cultural values. The house means family, identity, but at the same time it expresses a certain mentality. The peasant house is first of all a place, a good place, generator in the material and spiritual sense. This place, be it the interior space, or the courtyard or the garden, is seen as a place with specific qualities that make man exist in his own way. People know that places are not all the same. Some can be good, generative of luck, prosperity and happiness, others, on the contrary, bringers of trouble. Building a house has always been a special event for any family of Roman Catholics in the Moldavian area, highlighting the resources of the environment in which they were. From the category of traditional architectural constructions we mention the single-celled house, to which would later be added the tent, which had the function and function of the pantry, then the house with a room, entrance and chiler or, and finally, the house with two rooms and a cold shade, the type, more widespread in the twentieth century and which we encounter frequently today. They are the most widespread housing in Moldova and are characterized by a strong unity, the zoning differences being barely noticeable. As throughout the country, the villages of the Catholics in Moldavia are modernizing from day to day, in line with the demands of today's life. Typical constructions and even slightly more sophisticated villas try to capitalize, critically and selectively, the basic elements of the tradition, so that the concern for greater comfort does not ignore the requirements of integration in the native architectural landscape. The settlements of the Moldavian Catholics bear all the characteristics of the Romanian and Moldovan rural habitat, some of the ascetic being identified under all aspects with those of the Orthodox population. The rural architecture kept by the Moldavian Catholics is present in the settlements of them in all forms of localities from the outdated and to the assembled ones, being found in the architectural constructions of the village having as an outer boundary the border sometimes guarded by anthropomorphic pillars, trout or crosses. The houses of the Moldavian Catholics are made of beams placed in wedges or forks, from drifts or squares, placed on the soles or directly on the ground, with the roof in four waters, specific to the traditional Romanian house. The interiors of the traditional peasant houses from the settlements of Moldovan Catholics reveal a cultural universe that concentrates the skill, talent and wisdom of many generations. Here you will find true collections of wiping, slab, preservation, bark or carpets made with decorative floral, zoomorphic and anthropomorphic motifs or geometric motifs specific to the Romanian area.
Traditional house - Roman Catholics from Moldavia - Romania - people so called csangos Traditional house Roman Catholics from Moldavia - Romania - people so called csangos Gate of Pustiana village, Bacău county Pillow - Arini village, Bacău county Gate from the village of Pârgărești, Bacău county House facade - Bârgăuani, Neamț county Traditional house - Nisiporești, Neamț county Traditional house - Dofteana, Bacău Traditional gate - Lespezi, Bacău