"Dumitru Mărtinaş" Roman-Catholic Association representing Roman-Catholics of Moldavia (so called "Changos", French - Tchangos, Hungarian - Csangok, German - Tschangos)
Romano-catolicii din Moldova (Romania) - Roman Catholics from Moldavia - Romania - people so called csangos - românii denumiți ceangăi, Tchangos

THE CENTENARY OF THE FIGHTING ON COŞNA HILL

ROMANIAN HEROES FROM HEIGHT 789

On August 10, 2017, on Coşna Hill, at Height 789, the City Hall of Pîrgăreşti Commune in Bacau County organized, in collaboration with Târgu Ocna City Hall and the National Association of Cults of Heroes "Regina Maria" - Bacău branch, a commemorative event dedicated to the Centenary battle. on Coşna Hill, a very important historical moment in the National Reunification War of Romania. This event was attended by civil, church and military authorities, along with many locals (dressed in festive clothes and wearing tricolor emblems), each of them going up Coşna Hill to commemorate the killed Romanian soldiers 100 years ago. Among the guests was Prof. Dr. Anton Coşa from the History Museum in Bacău (member of the Historical Research Department of the Roman Catholic Bishopric of Iasi, historical counselor of the Association of Roman Catholics of Moldova "Dumitru Mărtinaş") an address regarding the historical importance of the battles on Coşna Hill in the context of the National Reunification War of Romania, as well as the permanent duty of the contemporaries to honor the memory of the heroes of the Romanian nation. We continue to read the text of the speech by Prof. Dr. Anton Coşa: Dear civil, church and military officials, dear residents of this area loaded with history, We climbed together today, August 10, 2017, on Coşna Hill, to commemorate how our heroes of a century ago are fitting. I am honored to be able to speak here, at Height 789, a few words related to a special historical moment of the National Reunification War of Romania, which had favorable consequences for us due to the sacrifice of the Romanian soldiers killed on these lands. The place where we are now, Coşna Hill - Height 789, is the place where the heroism and sacrifice of the Romanian soldiers were exemplary, stopping the ambitions of the opponents. The battles here, from Height 789, can be put on the same level with other dramatic moments in our history of Romanians, who effectively contributed to the subsequent fate of the war, tilting the balance of victory on the part of the Romanian army. It was rightly stated that Cousna Hill - Height 789 - was "the last redoubt of German advance to Moldova". Height 789 is still one of the places where the motto "This is not a pass!" Has become a fact. For the Romanian host since then there have been difficult days. "Every day I heard that the Germans were bringing new troops near the hill, well equipped soldiers who were strengthening their trenches. Senior officers told us periodically to expect an attack. It was a tense situation ”, wrote in his journal Dimitrie Dimăncescu, one of the Romanian officers whose testimony made it possible to reconstruct the fights from here, from Coşna Hill, in those hot days of August 1917. How important this place was then, in August 1917, is evident even from the testimonies of our German adversaries, who massaged numerous forces here. The disproportion of forces was further accentuated by the conditions in which the Romanians were forced to cover the breach left by the departing Russian army corps. In trenches, the clashes were of rare violence, while heavy artillery decimated the front line. In his journal, Lt. Erwin Rommel (in charge of taking the initiative and attacking the Romanian lines), recorded, among others, even during the battles of Height 789 that, in the German vision: "On the eastern front, the summer of 1917 found German forces trapped in the area. Only a break-up of the whole front could free the troops for the decisive battle in the West ... only a complete eradication of the enemy can allow us to decide the victory of Germany on the eastern front. We had to attack by surprise, to occupy the positions in the trenches that are flanked by the oak forests. It was difficult, 5 times we had to repel the attacks of the enemy who had become more and more courageous ”. Through their heroism, the Romanian soldiers who fought on Coşna Hill permanently stymied the hope of the Germans to cross the Romanian front from the Oituz mountains and to conquer the Trotus Valley, thus thwarting the enemy's strategic plans and saving Moldova from the imminent enemy occupation. Then, in the summer of 1917, on Coşna Hill, the Romanian soldiers showed courage, honor and loyalty. Their patriotism was an undeniable one, and their sacrifices obvious. There are, in our history, Romanians, essential moments, decisive for the destiny and exaltation of the Fatherland. The year 1917 was such a moment. There are memorable places in our history that we should never forget and where we should go more often, thus honoring the memory of our heroes. Coşna Hill - Height 789 - is such a place. The year 1917 was for the Romanians the year of hope, the year in which the Romanian army decisively influenced the fate of the front by stopping the adverse offensive through the brilliant summer victories (from Mărăşti, Mărăşeşti and Oituz) over the German- Austro-Hungarian armies, and also the year preceding the Sea. Unions since 1918. In this context, the battles on Coşna Hill occupy an important place. The sacrifice of those who fall here, at Hieght 789, must be placed next to the sacrifice of all the other Romanians in World War I, each of them thus contributing, with the most valuable offering, with the price of life, to a better life for the descendants, to a fate. better for the country, to a favorable evolution of the subsequent historical events that culminated with the Great Union of 1918. Therefore, I have said it once, and I repeat it here, in this place watered by the blood of the ancestors, our main duty, today's, is not to forget the heroes and keep their memory alive. ETERNAL GLORY TO THE HEROES OF THE ROMANIAN PEOPLES!

Topliţa: CATHOLICS FROM MOLDAVIA at the "Miron Cristea" days

Between July 17 and 20, 2016, the 19th edition of "Miron Cristea Days" took place in Topliţa (Harghita county), a cultural-scientific event organized by the "Miron Cristea" Cultural Foundation, the Topliţa Cultural Center, the Municipal Library "George Sbârcea", City Hall and Topliţa Local Council. The participants (teachers, historians, researchers, archivists, museographers, writers, cultural people, etc.) benefited from a diverse program, within the manifestations taking place, among others, the International Session of Scientific Communications "History, culture, civilization and ancient faith. ", the opening of some exhibitions of plastic art, documentary (regarding the monuments dedicated to the heroes of the northern area of ​​Harghita county), of an old church book, a documentary visit in the commune of Bilbor, the participation in the Holy Liturgy celebrated by the feast of the monastery's dedication" Saint Prooroc Il "from Topliţa. From Bacău they participated as guests: eng. Gheorghe Bejan (the president of the Association of Roman Catholics "Dumitru Mărtinaş") and prof. Dr. Anton Coşa. The festive opening of this year's edition of "Miron Cristea" Days took place in the meeting room of Topliţa City Hall. Also in this space were the plenary work, as well as the presentation of books and magazines recently published. Given the fact that this edition of the "Miron Cristea" Days has been held under the sign of fulfilling a century since the entry of Romania into the First World War (a fact also highlighted by the main organizer of the events: Prof. Ilie Şandru), in the plenary, historical distinction, prof. univ. dr. Ion Agrigoroaiei, from the Faculty of History of the University "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Iasi, presented the communication: "Our war for the whole of Romania. The significance of a job". The works by sections ("Miron Cristea and the Romanian Orthodox Church", "History", "Culture and Civilization") have triggered interesting debates, most of the communications being published in this year's issue (10/2016) of the magazine "Sangidava", magazine launched , in turn, during the events. Among the events that took place during the "Miron Cristea" Days, we mention the launch, in the great hall of the House of Culture in the municipality of Topliţa, of the homage volume "Valer Dorneanu at 70 years", the current president of the Constitutional Court of Romania being born in the area. The guests from Bacău, in turn, supported two communications published in the magazine "Sangidava". These are: Concordat between Romania and the Holy See in the vision of the Metropolitan Primate Miron Cristea (prof. Anton Coşa) and the Association of Roman Catholics of Moldova "Dumitru Mărtinaş" at 15: 2001-2016 (eng. Gheorghe Bejan).
During the period 14-20 August 2016, the works of the 14th edition of the Summer University from Izvoru Mureşului were held, a manifestation organized by the Ministry of Culture - Topliţa Cultural Center, in partnership with the National Foundation for Romanians from Everywhere (Bucharest) , European Center for Studies Covasna-Harghita (Sfântu Gheorghe), with the support of the Policy Department for the Relations with Romanians Everywhere, the Romanian Cultural Institute, the Orthodox Episcopate of Covasna and Harghita, the Civic Forum of Romanians in Covasna, Harghita and Mureş.  The ministers, parliamentarians, politicians, leaders of the Romanian organizations from Romania, the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, Serbia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Croatia, Albania and Macedonia, students and lecturers from various university centers were invited to the work of the Izvoru Mures Summer University . Among the students of the Summer University of Izvoru Mureş were students, masters, doctoral students with concerns regarding the promotion of national values, the interethnic coexistence and the affirmation of cultural, linguistic and confessional identity in multiethnic environments. From the community of Roman Catholics from Moldova participated as guests: Eng. Gheorghe Bejan (president of the Association of Roman Catholics "Dumitru Mărtinaş"), prof.dr. Anton Coşa and the parent doctor professor Ştefan Lupu (episcopal vicar, director of the Department of Historical Research within the Roman Catholic Bishopric of Iasi and dean of the Faculty of Roman-Catholic Theology of the University "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" in Iasi). Thursday, August 18, 2016, during the works of the Summer University of Izvoru Mureşului, the organizers included in the program the theme: Roman Catholics from Moldova - attempts to distort an identity. The debates were moderated by Mr. Vlad Cubreacov - president of the "Romanian Eastern" Association in Chisinau. In his speech, Prof. Dr. Anton Coşa emphasized, from the outset, the close connection between the issue of Roman Catholics in Moldova and the issue of Romanians in southeastern Transylvania. Further, Prof. Dr. Anton Coşa highlighted some of the moments that highlighted the history of the Roman Catholic community in Moldavia as part of the history of the Romanian nation, bringing to the attention of the participants and a series of scientific arguments that prove that the classification of this minority is incorrect denominational in the category of an "ethnic minority of the Csangos". Also, Prof. Dr. Anton Coşa also mentioned the special contribution of the interdisciplinary scientific research carried out by the members of the Department of Historical Research within the Roman Catholic Bishopric of Iasi (led by the father Professor Ştefan Lupu), as well as the constant support provided by during the time of these efforts by His Excellency Petru Gherghel (bishop of Iasi). Mr. Eng. Gheorghe Bejan presented a brief account of the activity of the Roman-Catholic Association "Dumitru Mărtinaş" at the 15 years of existence (2001-2016). He mentioned, in addition to the positive aspects represented by a series of projects carried out under the aegis of the Association, and the difficulties that came from the authorities regarding the location of the bust of Professor Dumitru Mărtinaş in the municipality of Bacău.         For his part, the father professor Ştefan Lupu structured his speech around two important books that appeared recently at the Sapienitatea Publishing House in Iasi. This is the volume of Father Fabian Doboş: The Congregation "Notre Dame de Sion" and the Catholics of Moldavia (1866-2016) and the volume: "I suffered for the Church of Christ". The Life of Father Ioan Parţac (1927-1996) - authors: Fabian Doboş and Dănuţ Doboş.

About Roman Catholics in Moldavia,

at Izvoru Mureşului Summer University - August 2016

Between the 10th and 16th of August 2015, the works of the 13th edition of the Summer University from Izvoru Mureşului were held, European Center of Studies Covasna-Harghita (Sf. Gheorghe), with the support of the Policy Department for the Relations with Romanians Everywhere, the Romanian Cultural Institute, the Orthodox Episcopate of Covasna and Harghita, the Civic Forum of the Romanians of Covasna, Harghita and Mureş.  From Bacău they participated as guests: eng. Gheorghe Bejan (president of the Romanian-Catholic Association "Dumitru Mărtinaş") and prof.dr. Anton Coşa.  On Thursday, August 13, during the work of the Summer University of Izvoru Mures, the organizers included in the program the theme: Roman Catholics from Moldova in the face of Hungarian pressures.  In his speech, prof.dr. Anton Coşa stated from the outset that the issue of Roman Catholics in Moldavia is in close connection with the issue of Romanians in southeastern Transylvania. Therefore, years ago the inclusion of a topic concerning the Catholic community in Moldavia in the debates of the Izvoru Mures Summer University was one that was most appropriate.  Next, prof.dr. Anton Coşa highlighted the fact that over the time 3 different visions on the issue of Roman Catholics from Moldavia have emerged: the Hungarian vision, the European vision and their own vision, coming from within the Catholic community of Moldavia.  Of the three approaches, the Hungarian vision remained the most conservative, stuck in the same initial project from a scientific point of view, but in close connection with the dynamics of the geostrategic interests of the Hungarian state. Further, the promoters of this vision support the idea of ​​the Hungarian origin of the Catholics in Moldavia, which they mistakenly call "csangos"; I speak of the communities of "csangoa" in the "diaspora" and subjected to an alleged assimilation by the Romanian state; they use the same historical arguments that have long been outdated by scientific research; extend (not by chance) the "Carpathian Basin" from the so-called "Szekler Land" into the so-called "Csango County"; they put constant pressure on the Romanian institutions for the introduction of the Hungarian language in school and church (following the Stalinist model of the 1950s of the 20th century), they exert pressure on the European bodies for adopting "recommendations" regarding "ceangăi"; they hijack the Romanian identity of the "Csangos" (assumed and declared constantly by them), aiming to impose a new identity, the Hungarian one (thus realizing, over time, a new Magyarization of them, after the sequestration through which their ancestors had passed in the south- Eastern Transylvania) etc.  The European vision has seen a visible nuance over time. If initially this was closely related to the Hungarian vision (given that the European rapporteurs received the information regarding the Catholics of Moldavia exclusively on the Hungarian chain), then the views from within the Catholic community in Moldavia were taken into account, which were obviously the right ones, the ones that had to be taken into account from the beginning. Thus, although the Hungarian pressures continue, in the European space it is already recognized for some time that the overwhelming proportion, the Catholics in Moldavia are actually Romanians.  As for the vision from within the Catholic community in Moldavia, it benefited from the beginning from the fruits of the interdisciplinary scientific research initiated years ago by His Excellency Petru Gherghel (bishop of Iasi). The results of these researches, continued today by the members of the Department of Historical Research within the Roman Catholic Bishopric of Iasi, have resulted in an important number of monographs, studies and articles, which prove the Romanianness of the Moldavian Catholics.  Among others, prof.dr. Anton Coşa also brought to the attention of some historical, linguistic, ethnographic, etc. arguments, which prove that it is not possible to speak of an ethnic minority of the "Csangos" of Moldavia but, at most, of a "religious minority" of Roman Catholics. from Moldavia.  The Moldavian Catholics have never called themselves "Csangos" and have not participated in any of the historical moments that marked the evolution of the Hungarian nation and the Hungarian state. On the contrary, they participated in all the moments that marked the historical development of the Romanian nation and the Romanian state, and the Catholic heroes did not sacrifice for Hungary but for Romania.  For his part, Mr. Eng. Gheorghe Bejan presented the project „Social Club of the Young from Bacău”, financed by the Bacau County Council and implemented by the UNLIMITED CONNECTIONS Bacau Association in 8 villages with Catholic population from Bacau County: Cleja, Faraoani , Valea Seacă, Fundu Răcăciuni, Pustiana and Frumoasa.  The president of the Association of Roman Catholics "Dumitru Mărtinaş" also stated that year by year, the Hungarian Government finances camps for two weeks in Hungary and Covasna and Harghita counties, where children learn Hungarian as "mother tongue", turning them away. thus the reality of their Romanian identity.  He also pointed out the difficulties encountered by the Association of Roman Catholics "Dumitru Mărtinaş" in the placement of the bust of Professor Dumitru Mărtinaş in Bacău.  A pleasant surprise was represented by Mr. Vlad Cubreacov (president of the Romanian Eastern Association of Chisinau) of a Diploma of Excellence to Mr. Gheorghe Bejan (president of the Romanian-Catholic Association "Dumitru Mărtinaş") "for the merit of defending the Romanian community- Catholics in Romania against the Hungarian pressures from anti-Romanian circles abroad ”.  In the resolution adopted at the end of the 13th edition of Izvoru Mureşului Summer University, it was specified, among others, that a set of measures is needed to protect Romanians from Covasna, Harghita and partially Mures counties, exposed " systematic for a continuous and sustained process of denationalization ”, as well as for stopping the“ process of Hungarianization ”of Romanians of Roman-Catholic confession from Bacău, Neamţ and Iaşi.  In this regard, the organizers of the Summer University from Izvoru Mureşului proposed the financing of the Civic Forum of Romanians in Covasna, Harghita and Mureş "according to the same criteria and directly proportional to the amount allocated by the Government of Romania to the" Comunitas "Foundation of Hungarians in Romania", as well as "Monitoring the process of Hungarianization of Roman Catholics from Moldovan counties and supporting the preservation of their Romanian identity".  The resolution adopted at the end of the 13th edition of the Summer University in Izvoru Mureşului will be submitted to the Presidential Administration, the Government and the Parliament of Romania, to the political parties and civil society.   Prof.dr. ANTON COŞA

About Roman Catholics in Moldavia

at the Summer University of Izvoru Mureşului

During March 27-28, 2015, in Sfântu Gheorghe (Covasna county), the European Center of Studies "Covasna-Harghita", the "Stefanina" Association of Bucharest and the "Christian-Christian League" Andrei Şaguna "organized a series of cultural-scientific events. Thus, on Friday, March 27, at the Ecclesiastical Center for Documentation "Metropolitan Nicolae Colan" the symposium took place: "Bessarabia - a destiny of modern history up to the present day", and on Saturday, March 28, the round table was held: " Online computer sources useful in monographic research ". From Bacău participated as guests: Prof. Vilică Munteanu (the director of the National Archives of Bacău), Eng. Gheorghe Bejan (the president of the Roman-Catholic Association "Dumitru Mărtinaş") and Prof. Dr. Anton Coşa. During Saturday's demonstration, Prof. Dr. Anton Coşa presented the communication: The official sites of the Roman-Catholic Diocese of Iasi, also useful in monographic research. In his speech, the guest pointed out (among others) the context of the launching of the Diocese of Iasi website, making a brief presentation of it, also highlighting its usefulness and for the monographic research, through the multitude of information available to those who accesses it. In the same context, the author of the communication brought to the attention of those present and other online sources that function within the Diocese of Iasi (parish sites, sites of educational institutions, sites of congregations, institutes of consecrated life, Catholic associations, Catholic magazines online), all useful information storage and monographic research. During the events, the first issue (I / 2014) of "Acta Carpatica" (Yearbook of Romanians in southeastern Transylvania) published by the Ecclesiastical Documentation Center "Metropolitan Nicolae Colan", the European Center for Studies was launched, along with other publications. Covasna-Harghita "and" Ştefadina "Association of Bucharest, in which numerous specialized articles are published, among them are also two materials regarding the Catholics of Moldavia. Prof. Dr. Anton Coşa signs the article: The Catholic Bishopric of Iasi - 130 years since its establishment (initially presented in the form of a scientific communication at the twentieth edition of the National Session of Romanian Scientific Communications in south-eastern Transylvania. History, Culture, Civilization, from September 19-21, 2014), and Eng. Gheorghe Bejan is the author of some exciting lines entitled: In memoriam. Father Dumitru Gabor (who left us a short time ago). Prof. dr. Anton COŞA

Sfântu Gheorghe: The official sites of the Diocese of Iasi

and monographic research

The works of the 12th edition of the Izvoru Mureşului Summer University, organized by the Ministry of Culture - Topliţa Cultural Center, in partnership with the National Foundation for Romanians from Everywhere (Bucharest) were held between 11-16 August 2014. ), The European Center for Studies Covasna-Harghita (Sfântu Gheorghe), with the support of the Political Department for the Relations with Romanians Everywhere, the Romanian Cultural Institute, the Orthodox Episcopate of Covasna and Harghita, the Civic Forum of Romanians in Covasna, Harghita and Mureş. Parliamentarians from the two banks of the Prut, ministers, students from the country and from the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria, Albania, Macedonia as well as lecturers from the main university centers of the country (Iasi, Cluj, Bucharest) participated in the work. ) and from abroad (Germany, Italy). Among the students of the university were students, masters, doctoral students, professors with concerns regarding the promotion of national values, the interethnic coexistence and the affirmation of cultural, linguistic and confessional identity in multiethnic environments. Also present were journalists from the main media institutions in the country and in the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, Italy, Serbia. From Bacău, guests were invited: Prof. Vilică Munteanu (director of the National Archives of Bacău), Eng. Gheorghe Bejan (president of the Roman- Catholic Association "Dumitru Mărtinaş") and prof. Dr. Anton Coşa. Thursday, August 14, during the works of the Summer University of Izvoru Mures, a generous space was allocated (by the organizers) to present the theme: Romanians Romanians from Moldova in the face of Hungarian pressures. In his speech, Prof. Dr. Anton Coşa insisted (among others) that the issue of Roman Catholics in Moldova is (still) a priority of the Hungarian government and of the Hungarian political and civic formations in our country, materialized by: involvement public institutions and high dignitaries and important Hungarian personalities of political, cultural, social and economic life, in Hungary and Romania; the allocation of important funds from the state budget of Hungary and Romania, through non-governmental organizations, to support the education in Hungarian of the students from the "Csangos land", as well as for the financing of projects aimed at "the Csango Hungarians" Moldova; organizing festivals of the Csangos, in localities in Hungary and Romania and financing of publications in Hungarian; carrying out sociological, historical and ethnographic research; editing of monographic works; organizing ethnographic exhibitions; scholarships; organizing training courses for teachers who teach Hungarian; purchasing popular costumes; awarding prizes to the most active personalities involved in organizing and carrying out projects circumscribed to the general strategy, in the medium term and in perspective. In the Hungarian civil and political circles, there is talk (constantly) of the "treacherous attitude of the Romanian power, directed against the regaining of the own identity of the Magyar in Moldova", of the Hungarian-persecuted "persecuted", of the "ethnic and confessional" assimilation of Hungarians, "the Romanian anti-Hungarian policy, which endangers the Csangos dialect of the Hungarian language, the most archaic form of Hungarian dialect", "" Csangos as a Hungarian minority in Romania, assimilated and persecuted politically ", etc. All these (note bene!), In the conditions where, at the beginning of 2014 (according to official data released by the Hungarian authorities), with the wide competition of the Romanian state authorities, "in 28 locations in Moldavia", a number of "2045 of children "learn Hungarian" under the coordination of 42 Hungarian "teachers". However, in the view of the Hungarian officials, "the results of education are made difficult by the fact that the Catholic Bishopric of Iasi does not now allow the celebration of jobs in the Hungarian language", so that "the Csangos are the last national minority who are not guaranteed the possibility of a confessional life in the Hungarian language. ". Such an attitude from the official Hungarian media is not only inaccurate, but also malicious, continuing (over time) a state of fact existing during the establishment of the communist regime in Romania, when the problem of introducing the Hungarian language in the liturgical celebrations in the Catholic villages of Diocese of Iasi was another attempt that the bishop of that time (Mons. Anton Durcovici) had to face. The high Catholic hierarch said at one point in a suggestive way: "I have Catholics of different nationalities in the Diocese. I have to send them priests of the language of each. To send a Hungarian-speaking priest to a Romanian village, I have to the believers ask me first. " Therefore, it decided that in "villages with problems", "referendums will be organized to decide the language used in churches". The results of these popular consultations, which took place on March 13, 1949, were favorable to the preservation of the Romanian language as a language of worship in the Catholic churches, the Catholic believers disagreeing with the introduction of the Hungarian language. The former attitude of the bishop Anton Durcovici is well known by the current bishop of Iasi (Mons. Petru Gherghel), who treated, in his turn, with much diplomacy, the problem of introducing the Hungarian language in the liturgical celebrations, in accordance with the desire of the believers in the Diocese of Iasi. In his speech, Mr. Vilică Munteanu presented an interesting parallel (based on archival documents) between the official attempts to introduce the Hungarian language in the schools of the Catholic villages of Moldavia in the Stalinist period and similar post-1990 approaches, pointing to the attitude of rejection by the locals and the return to education in Romanian. Also, Mr. Eng. Gheorghe Bejan brought to the audience's attention the results of the implementation of the "European Youth Club" program in several schools in the Roman Catholic communities of Bacau. From the discussions it emerged that in the Catholic villages of the Diocese of Iasi, there is obviously a new institutional Hungarianization. The wrong classification of Roman Catholics from Moldavia in the category of an ethnic minority ("of the Csangos") is aimed at a diversion of the Romanian identity of these believers although, according to the data of the last official census of the Romanian state, the overwhelming majority of the Roman Catholic inhabitants in the area Romanians declared themselves, rejecting the name "csango". It was reiterated that the history, language, and popular culture of the Catholic inhabitants of Moldova reveals their belonging to the Romanian people and, therefore, it is not possible to speak of an ethnic minority of the "Csangos" of Moldova but, at most, of a "religious minority. "of Roman Catholics in Moldavia. It was emphasized on the need for the Romanian and European authorities to know the numerous scientific studies (historical, ethnographic, sociological) from the Romanian perspective, regarding the Catholics in Moldavia, as well as the Romanian identity they assert today. Prof. dr. Anton Coşa

The issue of Roman Catholics in Moldova,

at the Summer University of Izvorul Mureşului

E V E N T S cultural, scientific, artistic, commemorative, organized by the Association of Roman Catholics "Dumitru Mărtinaș" or to whom the association participated