"Dumitru Mărtinaş" Roman-Catholic Association representing Roman-Catholics of Moldavia (so called "Changos", French - Tchangos, Hungarian - Csangok, German - Tschangos)
Romano-catolicii din Moldova (Romania) - Roman Catholics from Moldavia - Romania - people so called csangos - românii denumiți ceangăi, Tchangos
HISTORY  OF  ROMAN  CATHOLICS from  the  historical  region  Moldavia - Romania Monument from Valea Mare village, Faraoani commune, Bacău county, built in memory of the inhabitants of the village, killed in the country's defense battles, in the wars of 1877-1878, 1913, 1916-1918, 1941-1945. Romano-catolici din Moldova - ceangăi ciangăi Romano-catolici din Moldova în anul 1916 Romano-catolici din Moldova - anul 1958 Romano-catolici din Moldova - anul 1961 Romano-catolici din Moldova - cenagăi, ciangăi

Moldavian Roman Catholics killed in fighting for the defense of the country

During the First World War, over 12,000 Roman Catholics from the Diocese of Iasi were called to arms. More than half of those enlisted were killed and did not return to their homes. In the memory of the Roman Catholic heroes from Moldavia, in the localities with Roman Catholic communities were builded monuments in the cemetery, near the churches or in public places, on these monuments the names of the Roman Catholic heroes who gave their lives for the country were inscribed, together with the names of other heroes of Orthodox or other religion. In some localities, where Roman Catholics live with Orthodox believers, these monuments built in the memory of heroes were builded through the care of the Orthodox churches and are placed in public places or in cemeteries belonging to the Orthodox communities. Heroes from Horgești commune - Bacău County, killed in the battles for the defense of the country. For the heroes of the two world wars, inhabitants of the village of Horgești, a monument cross was built which is in the Orthodox cemetery. On this monument cross are mentioned the names of 90 heroes (63 killed in World War I and 27 killed in World War II). Of the heroes whose name is mentioned on this monument cross, 49 are Roman Catholics. See source and details - http://www.ercis.ro/actualitate/viata.asp?id=201804020 Heroes from Mărgineni commune - Bacău County, killed in the battles for the defense of the country. In the village of Margineni, in 2009, a monument was builded in memory of the heroes of the first and second world war. On this monument are engraved, on three marble plates (placed next to each other), the names of 103 heroes of World War I and, on three other marble plates (applied one after the other, but on another side), the name of 99 of World War II heroes. See source and details - http://www.ercis.ro/actualitate/viata.asp?id=201808064 Heroes from Faraoani commune - Bacău County, killed in the battles for the defense of the country. In the village of Faraoani, in the immediate vicinity of the church, there is a monument of heroes built in 1927 and restored in 1985, in the form of a cross obelisk, seated on a pedestal that rests on a two-step post. On the back side of the monument are mentioned the name of a hero who fell in the war of 1877, the name of a hero who fell in the war of 1913, and the name of 14 heroes who fell in the war of 1916-1918. See source and details - http://www.ercis.ro/actualitate/viata.asp?id=201808025 Heroes from Chetriș village - Bacău County, killed in the battles for the defense of the country. Chetriș village is part of Tamași commune, Bacău county and in the middle of the village was built a monument in 1941-1942, which was rehabilitated in 2008. The monument has an obelisk shaped like black marble, at the top there is a white marble cross and at the top of the obelisk there is an eagle. On the obelisk are noted the names of 30 heroes, who killed in the wars of 1877-1878, 1916-1918 and 1941 1945. Of the heroes mentioned, 13 are Roman Catholics. See source and details - http://www.ercis.ro/actualitate/viata.asp?id=201805054 Heroes from Tămășeni commune - Neamț County, killed in the battles for the defense of the country. In the village of Tămășeni in Neamț county, near the Roman-Catholic church, there is a monument built in 1998, on which are mentioned the Roman-Catholic heroes from the locality, who killed on duty in the two world wars. See source and details - http://www.ercis.ro/actualitate/viata.asp?id=201810169 Heroes from Butea commune - Iași County, killed in the battles for the defense of the country. In the Butea locality of Iași county, in the courtyard of the Roman-Catholic church, there is a monument, mentioned by 92 Roman-Catholic heroes from the locality, who killed on duty in the First World War. See source and details - http://www.ercis.ro/actualitate/viata.asp?id=201804019 Heroes from Hălăucești commune - Iași County, killed in the battles for the defense of the country. In the locality of Hălăucești in Iași county, near the Roman Catholic church, there is a monument, consecrated in 1920, mentioned by 78 Roman-Catholic heroes from the locality, killed on duty in the first world war and one killed on duty in the year 1913. See source and details - http://www.ercis.ro/actualitate/viata.asp?id=201806091 Here are mentioned some of the localities in which there are Roman-Catholic communities and where monuments were built in memory of the heroes killed in the battles for the defense of the homeland, but the number of these localities is much higher.
The history of Roman Catholics from Moldavia is part of the history of the Romanian people. They, the Moldavian Catholics, identify with the experiences of Romanians throughout the centuries, with the aspirations, the sufferings and the achievements of the Romanian nation. On the territory of the historical region of Moldavia, Christians have existed since the first centuries of the spread of Christianity, when the communities that developed here were under the jurisdiction of the pope (bishop of Rome). According to the great schism, the presence of Roman Catholics in the historical region of Moldavia is attested by the existence and functioning in this territory of ecclesiastical structures as follows: Bishopric of Milcov (1227-1241), Bishopric of Siret (1371-1434), Bishopric of Baia (1418-1523), the Bishopric of Bacău (1391-1392) and (1607-1818), the Apostolic Vicariate of Moldova (1818-1884), the Bishopric of Iasi (1884-present). In other historical periods, the Roman-Catholic communities existing in Moldova were under the jurisdiction of ecclesiastical structures in Transylvania, Italy, Poland, the Czech Republic or Hungary. From the reports of the Catholic missionaries, it turns out that besides the heavy economic burdens (huge taxes and burdens paid by the Transylvanian Romanians), which caused the Romanian peasants to take refuge in Moldavia, was the forced military service, introduced by the Austrian authorities that aimed at annexing Transylvania, Bukovina, aimed at increasing the number of the army. Living in this territory, the Moldovan Roman Catholics were the victims of the battles between the great empires, they fought alongside the Orthodox Romanians in wars for liberation, union and overthrow. In the localities with exclusively Roman Catholic population, as well as in the localities where Roman Catholics live together with Orthodox Romanians, there are historical monuments built in the memory of those who sacrificed their lives for the defense of the country, among those who fell under the debt whose name is inscribed on these monuments, there are numerous Romanians of Roman Catholic religion, which shows that they (the so-called Csangos) defended their country at the cost of life if necessary. All these prove the attachment of the Moldavian Catholics to the ideals of the Romanian people with whom they identified. Throughout history there have been numerous attempts to present the historical reality in a manner convenient to forces that do not serve the national interest, these attempts receiving the reply of those who wish the truth to be known and made public. Evidence of the struggle and sacrifice of Moldavian Catholics is presented in the scientific books dedicated to the history of the Csangos presented on the site, in other historical books, as well as in the few studies below, in which you will find arguments of Roman Catholic origin, evidence of their coexistence on these countries and their devotion to the country.
... over 800 years ago …
The first Romanian hero killed in the War of Independence from 1877-1878, was the soldier Andrei Lupu from the 8th Calarasi Regiment, a Roman Catholic from the locality Luizi Călugăra, Bacău county. He was shot deadly on August 13, 1877, while patrolling in the outpost, south of the Danube, between Riben and Calișova in Bulgaria (according to records from the Ministry of Defense archive).
Notes on the history of Roman Catholics in Moldova
• Dimitrie Cantemir noted about the Catholics of his time, that they declare themselves Catholics by race and religion. In the Ad-hoc Divan (parliament) of Moldavia, Mihail Kogălniceanu defended the rights of Moldovan Roman Catholics, rejecting a draft law that would have left Moldavian Catholics without rights. Costache Negri defended the rights of Moldavian Catholics, asserting that they "... with us, for centuries, in all our days of pain and bitterness, have at the same time pulled and endured all the sufferings that the Lord God has shown us to bear, to bring us to wisdom and justice today nine of us ... ” . From 1234, in a papal letter, it is mentioned that in the territory of the bishopric of Milcov, the Catholics mingle with the Wallachians, pass to their faith, becoming a people with them. The same mention, regarding the passage of Catholics to the Orthodox religion, is also made by Archbishop Marco Bandini in his report to Bacau, on March 2, 1648, document in which were noted the findings made during the visit made by the high prelate in the Catholic localities in Moldova. In 1763, the bishop of Bacau, Stanislau Jezierski noted that "... in all Moldavia the number of Catholics increases only through the Catholics who come from Transylvania ..." and because these "Transylvanian Catholics belong to Hungarian zone ... Moldavians do not call them Catholics but Hungarians ... " . Also in 1763, Iosif Cambioli, the Prefect of the Franciscan Mission of Moldova, noted “... for seven years now, the number of our Catholics has increased and increased every day, not because non-Catholics would visit us, but because in Hungary and more elected in Transylvania has been and is hungry and now, since the peace between the Austrians and the Prussians came to an end, they have seized soldiers and that is why in this province they came and come to whole families and a large number of youth from 14 years upwards, because from that age he enlisted in the army ... ” . Excerpt from the book "The origin of the Csangos from Moldavia" - author Dumitru Mărtinaș