"Dumitru Mărtinaş" Roman-Catholic Association representing Roman-Catholics of Moldavia (so called "Changos", French - Tchangos, Hungarian - Csangok, German - Tschangos)
Romano-catolicii din Moldova (Romania) - Roman Catholics from Moldavia - Romania - people so called csangos - românii denumiți ceangăi, Tchangos
On September 20-21, 2016, at the Institute of History "Nicolae Iorga" of the Romanian Academy in Bucharest, took place the scientific symposium: “Social and political emancipation in modern Romania. New perspectives and interpretations ”, within the research project" The abolitionist movement in the context of civil and political emancipation in modern Romania ", funded by the National Council for Scientific Research (CNCS) through the Executive Unit for Financing Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation ( UEFISCDI).       	The symposium aimed to bring together historians, political scientists and other specialists from different generations, from researchers devoted to doctoral students, preoccupied by the Romanian Principalities / Romania in the nineteenth century and to provide a framework for discussing emancipation in modern Romania.      	From Bacau, Prof. Dr. Anton Coşa, a member of the Historical Research Department of the Roman Catholic Bishopric of Iasi, participated, who supported the communication: The struggle of the Catholics of Moldavia for civil and political rights (1859-1918).       	In his communication, Prof. Dr. Anton Coşa pointed out that the emancipation of the inhabitants of the Catholic confession in Moldavia is a delicate subject that deserves special attention from the researchers. Understanding the multiple stages that have marked the accomplishment of modern Romania cannot ignore the obtaining of social and economic rights, or the acquisition of civil and political rights, by an important segment of the Romanian population, represented by the Moldavian Catholics.       In his research, Anton Coşa followed the struggle of the Catholics of Moldavia for civil and political rights, analyzing the phenomenon of their emancipation (as part of the modernization of the Romanian society) on several levels: social, economic, political, cultural, etc.        At the level of socio-economic emancipation, for example, the Moldavian Catholics benefited from the effects of the agrarian reform of 1864, as peasants struggling to recognize the quality of Romanian citizens with equal rights and duties, active participants in the national construction.        The Moldavian Catholics, however, were deprived of a series of political rights, for example regarding the electoral law, given that the essential criteria of training the individual-citizen in the political life were the wealth, the degree of education and culture. Among the Catholics of Moldova, only one man (Ianoş Robu) will be able to be elected (in November 1864) deputy in the Elective Assembly of Romania, which he will hold until March 18, 1866.          Because in the nineteenth century the school was to be a tool for the propagation of language and culture, and cultural emancipation was an essential premise of social and political emancipation, Anton Coşa developed their importance in the case of Catholics in Moldavia. He also pointed out the role of the Catholic Church, of the indigenous priests, who spread not only religious ideas, but also cultural and national ones through the Catholic villages, contributing to an important extent to the emancipation of the Catholic inhabitants of Moldavia.        Moldavian Catholics have always been aware that emancipation implies rights (civil and political), and rights demand duties. Thus, they have shown and demonstrated at the same time, constantly, their loyalty to Romania (which was their country by default) by participating (together with the Orthodox majority) in all events that highlighted the historical development of modern Romania, looking at it - they have always been themselves as earthly, at the same time, sharing, with the majority of the inhabitants of Orthodox faith, all the tasks related to this legal status.

BUCHAREST: ROMAN CATHOLIC PEOPLES IN MOLDAVIA

FIGHT FOR CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS (1859-1918)

S Y M P O S I U M “Social and political emancipation in modern Romania. New perspectives and interpretations”